Jewellery of Diamond and Princess Diamond Tiara | Geraldine of Albania | Crown | Royal Jewels
Diamant Diadem | Juwelen| Königlicher Schmuck der Königin Geraldine von Albanien
1959 konnten die Juwelen der Königin Geraldine und das Diamant Riviere Halsband, Diamant Ohrhänger, Armbänder mit Diamanten, sowie das Diadem der Prinzessinnen, aus Diamanten und Platin (es zeigt das königliche Wappen des"Ram von Skanderbeg") in einer Ausstellung, bewundert werden.
Der Schmuck wurde 1930 bis 1939 gefertigt und die Königsfamilie konnte die Juwelen ins Exil mitnehmen.
The Jewels of Her Majesty The Queen Geraldine Of Albania on display in April 1959, in New York City, together with the jewels of the royal Albanian princesses, Most of the jewels were made between 1930-1939 by the firm of Österreicher now known as Ostier, Inc., New York. In the 1930s, the firm was run by Moritz Österreicher (1870-1956) and his son Oliver (1901-1967).
The Royal Family of Albania had been in exile since 1939 and the decision was made by the King and Queen to sell 17 pieces at an auction, 1959, conducted by the firm which made them. In contemporary press reports, the jewels were being sold to provide aid to Albanians living outside of their county. However, author Albert Lulushi in his book, Operation Valuable Fiend, suggests that the Royal Family had depleted their financial reserves and needed to sell jewellery from their personal collections.
Regardless of the reason, the sale created a sensation in the fashion press being described as "the finest collection of personal jewels of a living queen ever offered for sale in this country [the United States]. "
The work of the designer, Marianne Ostier, was described as "...so advanced in fashion that earrings, clips, necklaces and other ornaments are in the height of present-day styling. The jewellery features modern-cut diamonds, including a lavish use of baguettes."
From the Parke-Bernet Galleries auction catalogue, 1969
Ostier, Inc., one of New York's leading jewelers dealing precious-stone jewelery of original design and superb custom craftsmanship, was closed in September of this year , following the death of its co-founder, Oliver Ostier. The present sale offers the entire stock of this distinguished firm. All pieces are original designs of Marianne Ostier, co-founder with her late husband of the firm and an internationally famed designer of jewelery. Many pieces bear her signature plate.
Of the decision to close the business, Marianne Ostier said: With the passing of my husband, I have had to devote more and more of my efforts to administrative duties. These demands of my time can no longer be met without artistic compromise which to me is unacceptable.
Representing the third generation of court jewelers in Austria, Oliver Ostier (Otto Österreicher) came to America following the Anschluss of 1938. Shortly thereafter (1941) he founded the firm of Ostier, Inc., with his wife Marianne, a talented painter and sculptress as well as an artist in the design of jewelery. She studied for three years at the Arts and Crafts School in Vienna.
Author of Jewels and the Woman, the basic primer of the art of wearing jewelry, Marianne Ostier's designs became major jewelry fashions and classics of modern designed jewelry.
She is responsible for numerous innovations, such as the pincushion clip, the famed skin pin and free-form jewelry; she pioneered in abstract designs for jewelry and, as a sculptress, brought a new dimension to her work in jewelry design. For many years, Mrs. Ostier won the Diamond U.S.A. Award and the Diamond International Award for design excellence. The first life-time member elected to the Diamonds International Academy, the hall of fame for modern jewelry designers, she represented the United States at the Art in Precious Jewelry exhibition at the Finch College Museum of Art in 1966, which featured the work of the foremost designers of ten countries. Among the artists, in addition to Mrs. Ostier, were Georges Braques and Salvador Dali.
The exhibition and sale of Marianne Ostier Originals marks the end of an important chapter in the history of jewelry design. The catalogue of her oeuvres eloquently records her contribution toward advancing this art form.
Sources: Getty Images; El Paso Herald Post 1 Apr 1959; Parke-Bernet auction catalogue 1969;
Thank you to Laura for her great research and Mags!
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