Queen Victoria's Russian Turquoise Parure | Jewelry | British Royal Jewels| History Turquoise,brooch,brooches,Queen Victoria,türkis,türkise,schmuck 
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Tuerkis Schmuck mit Diamanten der Königin Victoria von England und Grossbritannnien Queen Victoria's Russian Turquoise Parure | Jewelry | British Royal Jewels| History Tuerkis Schmuck mit Diamanten der Königin Victoria von England und Grossbritannnien Queen Victoria's Russian Turquoise Parure | Jewelry | British Royal Jewels| History Tuerkis Schmuck mit Diamanten der Königin Victoria von England und Grossbritannnien Queen Victoria's Russian Turquoise Parure | Jewelry | British Royal Jewels| History Tuerkis Schmuck mit Diamanten der Königin Victoria von England und Grossbritannnien Queen Victoria's Russian Turquoise Parure | Jewelry | British Royal Jewels| History Tuerkis Schmuck mit Diamanten der Königin Victoria von England und Grossbritannnien Queen Victoria's Russian Turquoise Parure | Jewelry | British Royal Jewels| History Tuerkis Schmuck mit Diamanten der Königin Victoria von England und Grossbritannnien Queen Victoria's Russian Turquoise Parure | Jewelry | British Royal Jewels| History Tuerkis Schmuck mit Diamanten der Königin Victoria von England und Grossbritannnien Queen Victoria's Russian Turquoise Parure | Jewelry | British Royal Jewels| History
Queen Victoria's Russian Turquoise Parure | Jewelry | British Royal Jewels| History

Queen Victoria's Russian Turquoise Parure | Jewelry | Queen Victoria

Königliche Türkise mit Diamanten | Schmuck der Königin Victoria

Queen Victoria had a fondness for turquoise, which was a very popular gemstone in the nineteenth century. Her collection of jewellery set with this stone started when she was a young woman. For example, she received from Queen Adelaide "a brooch of turquoises in the form of a bow..." She had feronniéres set with turquoises and bracelets, some of which were gifts from her mother and her husband.

As a young married woman, her collection of turquoise jewellery increased significantly with the acquisition of 42 light-blue stones from Russian.

In 1842, Charlotte Canning, Viscountess Canning, was appointed by Queen Victoria as a Lady-of-the-Bedchamber; she served the Queen in that role for 13 years. She was the daughter of Lady and Lord Stuart de Rothesay, who had been appointed the Ambassador to Russia in 1841. Consequently, Lady Canning was ideally placed to instruct Lady Stuart in executing the commission for Russian turquoises.

In late February 1843 she wrote to her mother: "I was given another commission for you to do and that is to know the price of some turquoises of rather a light blue colour, single stones not for paré and of different sizes, you shld sent the size and the price--mind you do not buy, only let me know what the cost wld be. You must send drawings and prices of the size of the turquoises and remember they must be light coloured."

"In early April when thanking for the print of the Princess Royal on her mother's behalf, Charlotte had reported to the Queen that the stones were as expensive as in England. But she urged her mother to send sketches of sizes, for after the Queen's confinement (Princess Alice, April 25th) she would feel obliged to show something. Examples and prices were forthcoming..." and Queen Victoria made her decision as to sizes, which Charlotte conveyed in a letter to her mother.

"The list of stones is missing from the correspondence but Charlotte added one of her own; forty-two turquoises were to be bought for the sum of three thousand five hundred roubles." The stones arrived from Russia and Charlotte delivered them to Queen Victoria on 14 September 1843. The Keeper of the Privy Purse sent £175 to Lady Stuart, who then discovered that she had overcharged. She sent four more stones to make up the difference, which apparently arrived too late to be included in the parure, which was largely made by Joseph Kitching.


On November 16 1843, the Queen wrote in her Journal that she "Wore for the 1st time my new Turquoise Parure, all designed & arranged according to my precious Albert's directives & excellent taste. All the Turquoises came from St Petersburg, where Ly Stuart got them for me, to go with some I had before. . ."

A second turquoise parure was created in 1859 again with Prince Albert's involvement.
"This parure, entered in the Garrard Royal Ledger on 9 August, comprised a head ornament, necklace with pendant, earrings and brooch (the last piece was probably converted to a locket in April 1861).
Queen Victoria supplied all the turquoises and some of the diamonds used in the set, perhaps taken from ornaments belonging to the singer Castellane, which the Queen purchased in 1848. The firm added 1,426 brilliants, charging a total of £1,093.15s. for the stones and workmanship.

Did this second parure use the Russian turquoises acquired by Lady Canning for the Queen or was it intact when Queen Victoria wrote in her Journal on 4 July 1866, the day before Princess Helena's wedding: ". . .before luncheon gave Lenchen & Christian their wedding presents, really beautiful things. Mine to her were a pendant and brooch of the cut Oude jewels, a parure of opals (my beloved Albert's favourite stone), a parure and tiara of turquoise and diamonds (my own which I had intended leaving her, but which I preferred giving, as I shall never wear those coloured stones again, which dearest Albert had arranged. . ."

If there were two parures, which one did Princess Helena receive?

 

With grateful thanks to Laura who wrote this amazing article.

The picture above is NOT with the Russian turquoises, It's my impression which it could be looked in the style of the time.
There is no reliable or guaranteed image of the gems, this also for the small painting!


Sources: Virginia Surtees Charlotte Canning; Bury, Shirley Jewellery 1789-1901 The International Era Volume I 1789-1861; Queen Victoria, Journals

 

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