Pearls |Baroda Pearl Carpet
Die Maharani Sida Devi in den 60ern in ihrem Pariser Domizil, die Wanddekoration im Hintergrund ist der berühmte Teppich aus Perlen, der am 19.März 2009 von Sothebys für $5,458,500 versteigert wurde. Der Teppich aus echten Perlen .......
Above the Maharani of Baroda, Sita Devi at her home in Paris. Behind in the background, the important pearls carpet/canopy on the wall.
Made in 1865, as a highlight of Splendour of India's Royal Courts the foundation of silk and fine deer hide is densely embroidered overall with a design worked in strings of natural 'Basra' pearls, measuring approximately 1-3mm, and English coloured glass beads.
There are on average 78 pearls and beads per vertical dm. (10cm.), and 68 per horizontal dm., equalling a density of c.4,990 pearls and beads per dm2, The total area of the carpet is c.45,670cm.2 Making allowance for the three large diamond filled rosettes (c.440cm2), the 32 smaller rosettes (c.400cm2), and the smaller gems the total area embroidered with pearls and beads is about 44,500cm2 Therefore, over 2.2 million pearls and beads have been used to decorate the field. In our estimation, the number of pearls employed in the design is therefore at least 1.2-1.5 million.
The rosettes are circled by small natural 'Basra' pearls of slightly larger size, measuring approximately 3-4 mm; the total estimated weight of the pearls is 30,000 carats. The designs worked in the rosettes are set with approximately 2,500 table cut and occasional rose cut diamonds, approximately 350-400 carats in total, all set in silver topped gold or possibly blackened gold; the motifs are further enhanced with foil backed rubies, emeralds and sapphires set in gold. The pearl carpet in detail
The Pearl Carpet of Baroda, was made circa 1865 Gujarat, India,
the measurments are approximately 173 by 264cm., 5ft. 8in. by 8ft. 8in.
Reverend Weeden, whose account a year with the Gaekwar of Baroda, was published in 1909, describes being shown "four great squares, each as large as a fair-sized carpet,... hung on the walls, apparently of tapestry. Closer inspection showed that they consisted entirely of jewels---pearls, emeralds, rubies, diamonds and so on..."
By this time the 'carpet' was not on the floor, but hung in the palace of the Maharaja. Indeed, this pearl covered, jewel inlaid 'carpet' would not seem to be the most appropriate floor covering.
In 1914, when E. L. Tottenham visited the Palace, he noted that only one of the rectangular carpets was still remaining :
"Upon the wall hung the oblong [rectangular]-shaped and famous pearl carpet ... It was made in duplicate, the first to be dispatched to Mecca to go over the Tomb of Mohammed. This one now only remained. Its value at the time of making was 68,500 rupees, but this day it was worth 2 lakhs. The piece consisted of three big diamond-set flowers along the middle portion, and thirty-three smaller flowers along the border; in the floral design are 1,269 rubies and 596 emeralds. The remaining portion of the carpet, in size 6 feet by 10 feet, is made of seed pearls, except the blue, green and red lines in the floral design, which are of coloured glass beads."
Sources, picture:Sothebys; Kunz
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