Prinzessin Helene von Montenegro war ein Mitglied aus dem Haus Petrovic-Njegoš. Durch Heirat wurde sie Königin von Italien und Albanien, sowie Kaiserin von Äthiopien und Herzogin von Savoyen.
Das grossartiges Schmuckstück, ehemals eine Efeu Devante de Corsage aus Diamanten und Perlen, erhielt Prinzessin Elene von Montenegro, als sie den Thronfolger von Italien 1896, heiratete.
Die im Ouirinal eingelaufenen Geschenke sind zahllos und ungeheuer an Werth; leider fehlt zur Zeit noch eine regel rechte Liste, und so erwähnen wir aus dem Gedächtniß.
Vom Zaren hat die Braut ein Brillantendiadem erhalten, das eine Million werth sein soll,
von ihrem Bräutigam ein Perlenkollier im Werthe von 150,000 Francs und anderen Schmuck in demselben Werthe,
von der Königin u. a. einen mit Brillanten und Perlen übersäten goldenen Efeuzweig,
vom deutschen Kaiser zwei kostbare Sevrevasen.
Von Städten und Provinzen eine Reihe Gaben von hohem künstlerischen Werthe (so Bilder von Michetti,
Jerace. Statuetten von Barbella und so weiter).
Die Braut ihrerseits schenkte nach montenegrinischem Brauche dem Bräutigam ein von ihr selbst gesticktes Nationalkostüm, wofür der Prinz allerdings kaum Verwendung haben dürfte.
Natürlich sind auch ungebetene Geschenke in Hülle und Fülle eingetroffen, darunter' Anzüge für den Prinzen und die Prinzessin, ein mit symbolischen Emblemen verziertes „Tandem", endlich sogar eine mit blauer Seide ausgeschlagene vergoldete .... Wiege! Alle von Privatleuten herrührenden Geschenke (die bereits drei große Magazinräume im Ouirinalfüllen) werden den edlen Spendern mit Dank zurückgesandt.
Auch ein Geschenk, und zwar ein sehr originelles, hat der liebenswürdige Unterrichtsminister Gianturco
dem jungen Paar gemacht — ein Album niit Autographen von Italiens lebenden Berühmtheiten. Wir
finden darin Verdi, Maseagni und Platanio , allerdings mit nichts Neuem, sondern mit längst bekannten Stellen anS ihren Werken, Cardueci mit seinen bereits veröffentlichten Terzinen auf das Dante-Denkmal in Trient. Marco Praga, Rovetta, Matilde Serao, Skizzen von Michetti, Monteverde, Morelli,dann dem Uebermenschen, ja Ueber - Nietzsche Italiens, d'Annunzio,, den mystisch-sozialistischen Dichter Fogazzaro mit einem Hymnus auf die Prinzessin Elena als den „Morgenstern des Orients".
Ihre Tochter Giovanna, Prinzessin von Italien, die Witwe von Tsar Boris III. von Bulgarien erhielt einen Teil des zu einem Diadem umgearbeiteten Schmuck ihrer Mutter Elena.
Quelle:Berliner Tageblatt 1896
Royal jewelery of the Queen Elena of Italy. Elena del Montenegro, born as Jelena Petrovic-Njegoš, Queen Elena of Montenegro, consort to King Victor Emanuel III of Italy.
The royal bride wore a gown with true loversknots, intertwined with forgetme-not, a heavy white satin train, embroidered with pearls and silver marguerites. The stupendous diadem of brilliants, matching ear-pendants, the gift of the the King made a beautiful contrast with her ravenly hair. A necklace of large pearls with a diamond clasp, a present from the bridegroom, and a veil of the finest Buranolace by the Queen. A small bouquet of orange flowers was fastened at the corsage.
She is tall, particularly by the side of the red Prince of Naples.
The abjuration was arranged to take place with as little ceremony as possible at Bari, on Oct. 23, when high prelate presented the Princess, in the name of the Pope, with a relic of St. Nicholas, set in gold and diamonds.
Royal wedding presents
The Crown Prince gave his fiancee, as a betrothal gift, a superb diamond bracelet of great value and a ring consisting of four circlets which bind a splendid sapphire, the national colour of Montenegro, to a diamond, ruby, and emerald, the white, red, and green of Italy.
The King and Queen have given extensive orders to their jewellers, and the principal Italian towns are offering gifts, while the lace-makers of Venice have toiled day and night a bridal veil, a real triumph of their art, which Queen Margherita ordered for the bride.
The bridal veil which Queen Italy has ordered for her future daughter-in-law, Helena of Montenegro, has a somewhat carious history. As soon the betrothal of the Crown Prince of Italy was announced, the ladies of Venice who were intimately acquainted with the Priness Helene, determined to give her a suitable and handsome present, and it was decided that it should bridal veil Venetian point, esptolally designed for her.
The veil was ordered and completed, and was a veritable work of art, the design of orange blossoms and leaves being exquisitively carried out. Unfornately, nowever, the Queen of Italy had already promised the Princess Helene that she would give her her wedding veil, and bearing that the Venetian ladies had ordered one, she offered to buy it from them for quite fabulous sum. The ladies of Venice have determined devote the sum have received from the to buying diadem for the future Process Italy. Which should be the lare ivy leaf whreat with diamonds.
The formal marriage contract was signed at Homo Oct. 11 by the Marquis Yisconti-Yenosta, the Minister for Foreign Affairs, and Signor Costa, the Minister of Justice, in the capacity of King Humbert’s Plenipotentiaries, the signatories on behalf of Prince Nicholas of Montenegro being the two Montenegrin Ministers of Foreign Affairs.
Queen Margaretha wearing a splendid dress of gold brocade, with a white veil of priceless old lace fastened on the top of the head by diamonds. Her train, five yards long, was borne by two gentlemen in Waiting.
The facade of the Church of Santa Maria degli Angeli, where the wedding takes place on Saturday, has been restored temporarily, and ornamented after the designs of the architect Sacconi : it now presents a very fine effect. The Dowager Queen of Portugal and the Duke of Oporto arrived here at nine o'clock this morning for the wedding festivities, and were received at the railway station by Kingf Humbert and Queen Margherita and all ?? and Princesses of the Royal House. The Royal party, on their drive to the Quirinal, were warmly cheered by the people along the route, which was lined by troops. The Prince of Naples arrived at half-past nine. There was no official reception. At eleven oclock the Princess Helene, the bride elect, arrived, accompanied by her father, Prince Nicholas, and her brother and sister, Prince Mirko and Princess Anna.
Princess Helene of Montenegro married in Rome to the Prince of Naples.
The Italians have always been slaves to beauty, and they are therefore very enthusiastic over the union, and they are delighted the prospect being able to welcome a pretty princess, poor though she be, rather than one of the bluerbiocded, but plainer-featured, German ladies who were talked for the Prince of Naples some time ago. The Romans, the Florentines, and the Venetians are already standing groups before the portrait of the bride, and again and again they exclaim with pride, "We shall still have the most beautiful Queen in Europe.
They mean, of curse, that Helen of Montenegro will make a fitting successor to Marguerita of Savoy, who is, without doubt, one of the finest women the day.
It is refreshing to be able to turn to delightful subject of this marriage after having been subjected to influences of the Franco - Russian fever for mcntti more. King Humbert, by die way, is rather chagrined he should have been left out the cold by the Czar and Czarina in their tour, but maybe Nicolas was acting from the very charitable motive of not putting die Italian Court to the expense of receiving him in view the costly wedding festivities.
There can no doubt that the Emperor is very much interested in this marriage of the daughter of a Prince which not very long ago, was described by the late Czar Alexandre III. as "the only friend he had in Europe."
Now, however, all that is changed, and we are left thus moment to speculate upon the changes which this union may bring in the course of continental politics.
The Prince Naples has shown good deal more spirit and inaependence this matter choosing a wife than those who have been in the habit satirising, almost ridiculing, him gave him credit for, and the may have very important results the future policy Italy. story of the w;iy the Prinre met the Princess of Montenegro and subsequently won her is extremely fascinating one—a veritable royal idyl, fact.
It was at St. Petersburg, where he was sent represent King Humbert at the funeral of the late Czar, that he first set eyes upon his future wife. was case love at first sight- Returning to Rome, he confided his secret first to his mother, and then to King Humbert.
But his Majesty had never seen -the Princess. How could meeting arranged without letting the whole world know what was going on The opening the Exhibition Venice came just in the nick of time. The Prince of Montenegro and the whole his family were officially invited to a.tend, King Humbert went to receive them, whilst the Prince of Naples very discreetly went for a little tour in the South of Italy.
King Humbert was also quite charmed with the Princess, and complimenting his son (hitherto so obstinately opposed to all suggestions his marriage) upon his choice, readily gave his consent. To complete tb.3 sketch of the Princess it must be added that she is not only graceful and beautiful she cultured also, and from very days she has shown a taste for literature and poetry.
For several years she has written a weekly review called the "Nedelia," published in St. Petersburg, usually under the de plume of " Blue Butterfly.-
Curiously enough, one the prettiest of her contributions is Sonnet Venice,"written alxiut three years ago, little dreaming that one day she would reign over what she describes as the "City of the poets, of great passions, and tragic dramas." Stranger still that Venice should be the Muticular city which her destiny was linked that the Prince of Naples. Happy Prince further he has won it only a beautiful queen, but another 'Carmen Syiva also. More than tha", she is evidently just as as she is pretty, for the other day, when she learned that the ladies of Italy were subscribing to make her a present, she exclaimed, if these kind would only buy me back the prisoners them to all the money they get to these poor fellows. That the way to make me happy It is this fact there being 2,000 Italian soldiers still in bondage to King Meneiik that lias influenced King Humbert in his decision to make the marriage festivities quiet possible. 'Then, again, the cities are burdened with taxation and cannot afford spend the money which an official celebration of the marriage would entail. Li making purely private family affair, the expense will fail upon King Humbert, who is better able to bear it; for it is quite mistake suppose that Italy is on the verge bankruptcy its ruler isj correspondingly poor. must be remembered that King Humbert's civil list very large one, and that, besides this, he is personally one of the richest Sovereigns in Europe- great deal his money. I may add, is invested in English securities Doubtless he thinks them safer than those of his own country.
The Princess brings a dowry of 2,000,000 francs— Mini which, however, the Prince Montenegro would never have been able to provide if the Czar had not come forward to help "his only friend." is perhaps not generally known that Princess Helene had at one time a very good chance becoming Empress of Russia, so that it is exceedingly good and generous of the Czar to offer himself her fain godfather.
The Princess will enter Rome the famous historical Telemachus carriage, on the panels which scenes from the Odyssey are painted, whilst the colours the she will wear will be so arranged as to represent the national colours Italy.
The material will dark green Genoa velvet, trimmed with sprays of red and white flowers. For her other dresses the Princess, who was brought Russia, the advice of the Dowager Empress, and her Majesty suggested Vienna for the orders.
One the best firms of the Kaiserstadt was therefore entrusted with the trousseau, and the dresses having now been finished and despatched to Cettinge, I am a position to furnish my lady readers with description them.
The bridal dress is rich ivory white satin, the skirt quite plain, with a broad band of silver embroidery and orange blossoms round the edge. Over this falls a Court train, nearly five yards long, made of white brocade embroidered all over with large bunches of marguerites, as a delicate compliment to the mother of the bridegroom. Round the train is a thick ruche of mousseline soie, ornamented at intervals with sprays orange blossom.
The veil for this magnificent costumne is a present from Queen Marguerita, who has taken from her famous collection lace- Her Majesty is quite connoisseur of ancient laces, and possesses a collection which includes a great number of tire very finest specimens of every known kind, ancient and modern.
The veil she has presented to her future daughter-in-law Venetian lace, and is historical, having belonged to Caterina Comaro. The bridesmaids, Princesses Anna and Nema of Montenegro, will be dressed in satin, trimmed with rich silk guipure and gaze sore.
For the Court ball these will have decollete, bodices, trimmed with pistachio green rabbon and handsome duchesse lace. The mother of the bride will wear dresses of an exceedingly rich character, but they are made without bodices, she will wear the national Montenegrin jacket.
The King of Italy's present is being made, and consists of collet of pearls with fine diamond clasp,
having bars of diamonds at intervals.
A diadem diamonds with pear-shaped pearls lopping the stars.
and three rings—one is large sapphire, another marquise ring, is composed of large brilliants,
and the other consist of emerald, which forms locket, in wich is pieced beautiful miniature the Crown Prince.
The Prince's gifts his bride are chiefly jewellery, but there is lovely dressing, fitted with toilette
accessories in beaten gold with Princess Helenes initials in diamonds.
The Queen is also having some of her matchless pearls made into necklet for Princess Helene.
A jewelled fan -the outer sticks of the fan, which are of pale tortoise-shell, are encrusted with diamonds, surrounded by a Royal crown in larger brilliants. Across the lower part of the sticks the bride's name is written in small brilliants. The fan is suspended from a beautiful chain formed of true-lovers' knots in pearls and diamonds. The Duke and Duchess of Genoa and the Duchess Dowager unite to give a parure of diamonds, said to contain more than a thousand stones.
It was an large ivy leaf stomacher of diamonds and pearls, wedding gift to Princess Elena of Montenegro, when she weds the Prince of Naples, Crownprince of Italy. Above, Queen Elena wearing this enormous wreath of diamonds and baroque pearls across her bodice.
This diadem of ivy leaves and berries in gold with diamonds, which is still worn today by their descendants. It was rebuild for two tiaras - one part is given to her daughter Princess Giovanna, Queen-consort of Bulgaria and the second jewel made of the diamond ivy are given to Crownprince Umberto, her son. He ordered a tiara for his daughters, Princess Maria Pia, Princess Beatrice and Princess Maria Gabriella>>
Sources: London Evening Standard;Dundee Evening;Daily Gazette for Middlesbrough;Leeds Saturday -Cork Examiner; The Times;The Standora;Illustrated London NewsManchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser
Royal and Imperial Jewels of Italy | Elena of Montenegro Queen of Italy | Diamond Ivy Leaf Stomacher Tiara Diadem
Princess Maria Pia Diadem |Princess Maria Gabriella Royal and Imperial Jewels of Italy | Diamond Ivy Leaf Stomacher Tiara Diadem
Diamonds | Royal and Imperial Crown Jewels of Bulgaria | Giovanna of Bulgaria | Diamond Ivy Leaf Tiara Diadem
Juwelen und Schmuck der Tsaritsa von Bulgarien | Queen Consort Margarita of Bulgaria | Diamond Ivy Leaf Tiara Diadem
Historische Perlen Brosche und Königlicher Schmuck der Prinzessin Nadeshda von Bulgarien | Herzogin von Württemberg| Kronjuwelen Frankreich
Princess Adelaide Genoa Savoy Arsoli | Royal Jewels of Italy | Duchess of Genoa | Egalantine Diamond Tiara Diadem
Königlicher Schmuck und Juwelen der Herzogin von Genua Prinzessin Adelaide von Savoy Genua| Hochzeit Vermählung
Prinzessin Adelaide von Savoyen Genua| Egalantine Diamant Blüten Tiara Diadem |Musy| Hochzeit Vermählung
Eglantine Diamond Tiara | Princess Adelaide Genoa Savoy Arsoli | Royal Jewels of Italy| Musy| Duchess of Genoa