Diadem et Diamants desinee et executee par M. Alfred Bapst pour La Imperatrice Eugenie| Les Diamants de la couronne
Pos 33 vent de Diamants de la couronne:
Diadem a la grecque -326 brillants, pes 306 19/32ct
...................................-286 petits brillants, pes 5ct -
...................................- 612 Brillants tt 411ct value: 150 000,--
The Greek Diadem This diadem in a Greek design was made as a setting for the Regent Diamond.
It was set entirely with brilliants, 336 in number, weighing 306 19/32 ct; and 286 brilliants and weighing 5ct .
It was designed by Alfred Bapst and executed by Bapst and Nephew in June 1867. The value was 150 000frs and sold to Messrs Garrard for 180 000Frs.
We could recognize, there must be 2-3 different designs of a greek diadem, on top with the space for the regent. And in the bottom the later version with larger pattern in diamonds and without any space for the large Regent Diamond, but probably worn on top of the tiara.
Discovered in 1698 in Golconda, India, this diamond immediately attracted the interest of Thomas Pitt, the English governor of Madras. Cut in England, it was then purchased for the French Crown at the behest of the Regent Philippe d'Orléans in 1717. The Regent surpassed in beauty and weight all the diamonds known in the western world until that time. Even today, its flawless brilliance and perfect cut ensure that it is still considered the finest diamond in the world.
Following its discovery in India in 1698, the stone was acquired by Thomas Pitt, Governor of Fort St George in Madras, for a very high price. The diamond weighed 426 carats before it was shipped to England in 1702 to be cut. This operation took two years, from 1704 to 1706, and produced several secondary stones, which were sold to Tsar Peter the Great. Performed by a jeweler by the name of Harris, this cut is the culmination of a technique possibly invented in Venice in the early seventeenth century: the brilliant cut. In this process, the angles, formed by the facets, are of a perfect cut, reflecting the light with matchless intensity and brilliance.
Taking advantage of the economic prosperity that developed in France under the influence of John Law, Philippe d'Orléans, regent from 1715 to 1723, persuaded the Regency Council to purchase the diamond on 6 June 1717.
At the time, The Regent outshone all known diamonds in the western world with his 140,615ct and by 1719 it had already tripled in value. Today, it is still considered the finest diamond in the world; its color is "of the first water", that is perfectly white and practically flawless. After the Regency, the gem remained one of the most precious of the Crown's treasures and adorned all the crowned heads of France.
The Regent was worn for the first time by Louis XV at the reception of a Turkish embassy in 1721. It was then mounted temporarily on the king's crown for his coronation ceremony on 25 October 1722. Shortly after his marriage to Maria Leczinska on 5 September 1725, Louis XV began wearing the diamond on his hat, a habit he continued throughout his reign.
For the coronation of Louis XVI, on 11 June 1775, a new crown was made similar to that of Louis XV, featuring The Regent on the front. Like his grandfather, Louis XVI sported the gem on his hat. Stolen in 1792, then found again the following year hidden in some roof timbers, the diamond was used as security on several occasions by the Directoire and later the Consulat, before being permanently redeemed by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1801.
The First Consul used it to embellish his sword, designed by the goldsmiths Odiot, Boutet and Nitot. In 1812 it appeared on the Emperor's two-edged sword, the work of Nitot. Following changes in the ruling regime, the diamond was mounted successively on the crowns of Louis XVIII, Charles X and Napoleon III, and finally on the Grecian diadem of Empress Eugénie,see above on top in the picture.
Source: Twinning;Org Catalogue Vent de la Coronne;Louvre Les Diamants de la couronne, Paris, "Les joyaux de la couronne"
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Empress Eugenie's Personal Jewels
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Exotic inspired corsage brooch of diamonds, once in the collection of Empress Eugénie| Orchideen Knospe, Diamant Brosche mit sechs Diamanttropfen | Les bijoux de l'Impératrice Eugénie
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Three pearl and diamond fringe pendants composed of large stones | Broché rubis perles et diamants Eugénie brooch| later in the possession of the Mrs Ernest G Raphael nee Sassoon
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Emerald Collection Empress Eugenie | Magnifique ensemble de joyaux en émeraudes et brillants Imperatrice Eugenie| Les bijoux de l'Impératrice Eugénie
Imperial Emeralds from Empress Eugenie to Queen Victoria Eugenia of Spain Emerald-Necklace | Les bijoux de l'Impératrice Eugénie
Imperial Emeralds of Empress Eugenie Gift to Queen Victoria Eugenia | Emerald-Necklace in long Version with the Cross| Les bijoux de l'Impératrice Eugénie