The Herries Tiara| Duchess of Norfolk Diamond and Pearl Tiara|The Duchess of Norfolk's Jewels
The tiara is made for Lady Herries of Terregles Fitzalan Howard in ca 1880.
Gwendolen Mary Fitzalan-Howard, Duchess of Norfolk, 12th Lady Herries of Terregles (née Constable-Maxwell; 11 January 1877 – 28 August 1945) was the eldest child of Marmaduke Constable-Maxwell, 11th Lord Herries of Terregles and his wife, Angela (née Fitzalan-Howard). On 15 February 1904, she married her first cousin once removed, Henry Fitzalan-Howard, 15th Duke of Norfolk.
The Earl Marshal and his bride have received some hundreds of presents, and the guests at Everinghiun to-day had an opportunity inspecting them they were displayed in the handsome reception room.
The King’s present double silver-gilt diplomat’s inkstand, and bears an inscription in fac-simile of His Majesty's writing, under ducal coronet.
The bridegroom’s gifts to his bride are necklace of superb Oriental pearls, a beautiful high diamond tiara of line design, loose coat of superb Russian sable and a muff to correspond, ruby and diamond ring and necklet, and a turquoise and diamond necklet.
Lord and Lady Herries have each given their daughter a beautiful jewelled bracelet.
Among the other presents are the Marchioness of Bute, rare old lace and the bridal veil which was worn to-day :
Lady Margaret Crichton Stuart, a valuable old enamel box ; Earl and Countess of Loudoun, a fitted w riting table ;
Countess Jersey, enamel buckle; Viscount and Viscountess Halifax, silver seal;
Lord and Lady Middleton, agate did silver buckle and buttons
Lord de Mauky, gold and jewelled headed hatpins ;
a riviere of remarkably fine diamonds, from the City of Sheffield ;
tenants Everingham and Seaton, a diamond and enamel pendant; servants and tenants at Kinharvie, silver candlesticks to the Duke.
The City of Sheffield has long been united to the noble house of the Howards by close and cordial bonds of affection and respect, so it was decided to. signalise his Grace's marriage by a splendid gift. The Duke, being approached on the subject, expressed a wish that this should take the form of a diamond necklace for his bride, and the Corporation therefore ordered from the Goldsmiths and Silversmiths Company, Limited (the King's Jewellers), of 112, Regent Street, W., a magnificent riviere of diamonds of perfect quality, forming a truly regal gift.
CASKET PRESENTED TO THE HON. GWENDOLEN CONSTABLE-MAXWELL ON THE OCCASION OF HER MARRIAGE. The casket illustrated below was presented by the in habitants of the Borough of Arundel to the Hon. Gwendolen Constable-Maxwell 011 the occasion of her marriage to the Duke of Norfolk. It is oblong in form and exquisitely finished in the "Art Nouveau" style, the obverse panel contain ing a fine view of Arundel Castle, beautifully enamelled. The casket rests upon six richly chased and carved feet, supported in turn by an ebony plinth. It was designed and modelled by Mappin and Webb, Limited, of Oxford Street, W., Regent Street, W., and Queen Victoria Street, E.C.
The ARUNDEL CASKET, The casket presented by the inhabitants of the borough of Arundel to the new Duchess of Norfolk bears on the obverse panel fine view in enamel of Arundel Castle. Immediately above, the arms of Arundel are enamelled in proper colours, surmounted by the arms, crest, motto, and supporters of the Duke of Norfolk, also in correct heraldic colours. At either extremity are models of doves (emblems of fidelity) supporting draped festoon extending all round the casket. On the reverse are ducal crown and the Earl Marshal’s staffs crossed. The work was designed and executed by Mappin and Webb, Limited, of Oxford Street, Regent Street, and Queen Victoria Street, E.C., at their London factory. The photographs of the Russian war-ships Tsarevitch and Variag, which appeared in our issue of last week, were reproduced from Mr. F. T. Jane’s admirable treatise on the navies of the world, entitled All the World’s Fighting Ships.” Miss Maree Ainslie will give a concert in aid of the London Hospital, Mile End Road, E., at the Queen’s Hall on Feb. 24. The Follies and a large company of accomplished artists have promised to assist at the function.
FEBRUARY 15, 1904. MARRIAGE OF THE DUKE OF NORFOLK The ten bridesmaids in attendance were the Hon. Angela Mary The episode of the sinking of the " Nakonoura Maru" by the her a bouquet of lilies of the valley, "to find that the calling of Constable-Maxwell, sister of the bride ; Lady Margaret Crichton Vladivostok cruisers is ene which people in England should loves- women teachers becomes of more and more importance, and the: Stewart (daughter of the Marchioness of Bute), cousin of the tigatc and study closely, when the full reports of the incident come it meets everywhere with the respect and appreciation which are bride ; Miss Mary Caroline Talbot, daughter of Lord and I to hand. One can hardly credit that the same service which its due. The really cultured part of the public realises what it Edmund Talbot • Miss Minnie Philippa Stewart, daughter of Mr. i steamed out of Chemulpo so proudly to court certain destruction owes to the teacher to whom it entrusts the most precious of ail E. and Lady Philippa Stewart ; Miss Anne Cecil Kerr (daughter at the hands of a far superior squadron of the enemy should have its possessions." of Lord Ralph and Lady Anne Kerr), nieces of the bridegroom ; sunk an unarmed and defenceless merchant vessel with all on board.The bridegroom's presents to the bridesmaids, were enamelled oak leaf pendants, with jewelled dewdrops, and suspended around the necks by diamond and pearl chains, and bouquets of lilies of the valley.
St. James’s Gazette. February 15, 1904. THE DUKE OF NORFOLK MARRIED. SIMPLE CEREMONY TO-DAY AT EVERINGHAM, YORKSHIRE The oft-poslpoaod wedding’ of the Duke of Norfolk and the Hon. Gwendolen Mary Constable-Maxwell, elder daughter of Lord and Lady Berries, of Everingham Park, near York, and Kinharvie, Dumfrics-shire, took place this morning in the private chapel at Everingham. This chapel, although Lord Herries private property, is used as public place of worship, there being no other Roman Catholic church in the district, and the bride is the organist and dtoirmistness. The Duke of Norfolk is the premier Duke of England and hereditary Earl Marshal. He was Postmaster-General from 1895 until March, 1900, when he resigned that office to go out to South Africa with the Imperial Yeomanry. This is his Grace’s second marriage, his first wife, who was a daughter the laic Countess of Ixmdouu and Lord Donington, died in 1887, and his only son, the Earl of Arundel, died two years ago in his twenty-third year. As the Duke and his bride arc cousins the special sanction of the Pope had first to be obtained. The Duke, who is in his fifty-seventh year, is twenty years the senior of his bride.
The chapel was lavishly decorated with beautiful white flowers, and a special programme of music and singing was arranged by the bride herself.
The Bishop of Middlesbrough (Dr. Lacy) took the principal part in the ceremony, and was assisted by the Rev. Father English, domestic chaplain to Lord Herries, and the Rev. Father Wurzburgh. Lord Herries gave his daughter away.
She looked charming in her wedding-dress of white duchesse satin, draped with old family lace and trimmed with white chiffon, while from the bodice fell trails of orange flowers terminating in true lover’s knots at the hern of the skirt. A lovely Court train silver-embroidered gauze lined with cloth silver was slung from the shoulders, and old lace veil worn over a tiara of real orange blossoms in her hair completed the bride’s toilette. See above.
She was attended fewer than ten bridesmaids —viz., the Hon. Angela Constable-Maxwell, the Lady Margaret Crichton Stewart, the Hon. Muriel Howard, Miss Mary Talbot, Miss Anne Kerr, the Misses Mary and Florence Maxwell-Stuart, Miss Joan Howard, Miss Maxwell Scott, and Miss Minna Stewart—all of them related to either the bride or bridegroom. They wore pretty dresses of ivory satin crepe de chine, with quaint fichus of old ac- and scarves of red chiffon, the younger ones having sashes instead scarves, and short frocks instead of long dresses, and they all wore w'hite beaver hats trimmed with red chiffon and white plumes. The Duke of Norfolk was attended his nephevy, Mr. Henry lidmund Talbot (only son Lord Edmund Talbot, heir-presumptive the Dukedom) who acted as groomsman, and the chapel was filled with the numerous relations and friends the bride and bridegroom, who had been specially invited to the wedding.
As the Duke and his bride left the chapel the conclusion of the ceremony, live Wedding March from Lohengrin was played by lie organist. The guests were subsequently received at Everingham by Lady Hcrrics. Later the Duke and Duchess of Norfolk left for Garrowby, near York, lent to them' for the early days of the honeymoon by Viscount Halifax. The Duke and Duchess are expected at Arundel Castle, the Duke’s beautiful old place in Sussex, early next month. 'The Duchess of Norfolk went away in a costume of pale petunia velvet, with a knotted fichu of old lace, and a hat of finely-drawn white chiffon raised the left side with knots of velvet to match the dress, and tied with sable tails. The Duchess of Norfolk, as premier Duchess of England, takes precedence over all other Duchesses (other than Royal Duchesses) at Court functions, and it is a source of great satisfaction that the Duke of Norfolk has chosen an English bride. VVonlock, l indaoinely bound volume of poems ; Lord and Lady Middle- - ton, agate did silver buckle and buttons ; Lord and Lady Mowbray, silver box ; Lord Lovat, silver framed mirror ; Lord de Mauky, gold and jewelled headed hatpins ; Lord and Lady Penrhyn, silver clock ; Lord Glenesk, silver vase ; Sir Hcrliert and Lady Maxwell, hook ; Sir Nicholas and Lady O’Conor, antique painted 'an; Sir John and Lady Stirling Maxwell, blotter. The-re cXe many presentations to both bride and bridegroom, the following of which are the more important :—'l'hree silver cups, from the Yorkshire Conservative Association ; a riviere of remarkably fine diamonds, from the City of Sheffield ; a silver casket, from the Borough of Arundel ; tenants Everingham and Seaton, a diamond and enamel pendant; servants and tenants at Kinharvie, silver candlesticks to the Duke. It is understood that the Cold Staff officers who served under his Grace at the Coronation have made a presentation ; also mat’ the Marquess of and Lord Denbigh have been instrumental in getting present to his Grace from English Roman Catholics.- The city of Westminster will seek an early opportunity to presell a congratulatory address his Grace, who was their first Mayor ; and the College of Heralds will also in some suitable way offer their congratulations the Earl Marshal. The Duke of Norfolk has given to the Sheffield Corporation,- for the benefit of the citizens, a oublic park and recreation ground, forty-eight acres in extent, the occasion of his wedding. H;s Grace has also sent cheque for a thousand pounds to the Sheffield distress fund.
The couple later had four children:
Lady (Mary) Rachel Fitzalan-Howard (1905–1992)
Bernard Marmaduke Fitzalan-Howard, 16th Duke of Norfolk (1908–1975)
Lady Katherine Mary Fitzalan-Howard (1912–2000)
Lady Winifred Alice Fitzalan-Howard (1914–2006)
Upon the death of her father in 1908, she, as the eldest child and daughter, inherited the Lordship Herries of Terregles. She died at her home Kinharvie House near New Abbey. A Requiem Mass was said at St Mary's in New Abbey before interment in the Norfolk burial vault at Arundel Castle in Sussex.
Designed as a graduated series of openwork pearl-topped foliate scrolls above clusters, between which sit stylised bud finials. Set throughout with circular- and rose-cut diamonds and pear-shaped pearls on silver and gold. The tiara is symbolic of social standing and elegance.
Above we see the Duchess of Norfolk wearing the tiara at the coronation in 1953. Now is Mary Mumford, 15th Lady Herries of Terregles.
Source: Sotheby's;The Tatler;Royal Collection Trust;The Graphic;Evening News;St George Gazette;
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