George IV: Art & Spectacle | Coronation and Diamonds

The coronation was the most spectacular moment of George’s life and came at a cost of more than £240,000.

The King himself oversaw the design of his coronation robes, including the crimson velvet surcoat and a stole made from cloth of silver, gold thread and silk, embroidered with the national flowers of the United Kingdom. Sir Thomas Lawrence’s coronation portrait shows the King in his ceremonial clothing with the Imperial State Crown, traditionally remade for the coronation of each new monarch, placed on a table to his right.

The crown, see below in the picture, was set with more than 12,300 diamonds that had been hired for the occasion.

George IV: Art & Spectacle King Georg of Great Britain Coronation
George IV: Art & Spectacle King George of Great Britain Coronation

George wanted to keep the crown after the ceremony, but Parliament refused to support the cost. The King therefore commissioned a gilt-bronze cast of the Imperial State Crown, which is on public display for the first time.

The Diamond Diadem, designed for George IV’s coronation by the jewellers Rundell Bridge & Rundell, is set with 1,333 diamonds, including a four-carat pale yellow brilliant.

Openwork silver frame lined with gold and set transparent with diamonds; narrow band edged with pearls, surmounted by four crosses-pattée, the front cross set with a pale yellow brilliant, and four sprays representing the national emblems of the United Kingdom, incorporating the national emblems of England, Scotland and Ireland,Rose – Shamrock-Thistle – Daffodil.

This feminine association belies its origin, since it was made for George IV’s use at his famously extravagant coronation in 1821.  On that occasion, he wore it on top of a large velvet ‚Spanish‘ hat surmounted by ostrich feathers, with a curled wig beneath, at the ceremonies in Westminster Hall and during the walking procession to Westminster Abbey.

The order for the diadem was placed with Rundells in 1820 and work was complete by May of that year.

The design, probably by Rundells‘ chief designer Philip Liebart, reflects something of the discarded plan for George IV’s Imperial State Crown, which was drawn up by Liebart in the same period and was to have included the national emblems in place of the traditional fleurs-de-lis.

Together with a diamond-studded loop (which was broken up to help make Queen Victoria’s Garter armlet) the bill for the diadem amounted to the large sum of £8,216.

This included an £800 hire charge for the diamonds – stones were regularly hired for use at coronations up to 1837 – computed on a percentage of the value of the stones.

When the coronation had to be postponed for a year on account of Queen Caroline’s trial, a further hire charge was levied. Normally the stones would have been returned to Rundells after the coronation, but in this case there is no sign that the delicately worked diamond sprays and crosses, a masterpiece of the new transparent style of setting, have been disturbed. Equally, there is no evidence that the King purchased the stones outright, so it could be that the bill was met by a discreet barter of old stones from George IV’s extensive collection.

Today the diadem is worn by Her Majesty The Queen when travelling to and from the State Opening of Parliament.

 

At the coronation banquet, works were displayed from the Grand Service, an unrivalled 4,000-piece collection of dining and buffet silver-gilt that George first commissioned when Prince of Wales and is still used today at State Banquets, see below.

coronation silver tray Georg IV
coronation silver tray Georg IV

A spectacular silver-gilt tray by goldsmith Paul Storr for Rundell, Bridge & Rundell, weighing over 9kg and engraved with the Royal Arms and the Prince of Wales’s coronet, was put on show prominently behind the King, In the picture above.

George acquired works of art with abandon to decorate his residences, and these remain some of the greatest items in the Royal Collection.

As Prince of Wales, he lived at Carlton House on London’s Pall Mall. Within ten years of taking possession of the mansion in 1783, he had run up debts of around £400,000, furnishing the rooms with paintings, the finest French furniture and decorative arts, and creating a series of interiors that were widely regarded as among the most handsome in Europe.

One of the highlights of his Kunstkammer is the Nautilus cup and cover by Nikolaus Schmidt, which stands at more than half a metre in height. This unusually large shell is elaborately mounted with silver-gilt figures of Jupiter, Neptune, a mythical sea creature called a hippocamp and four double-tailed mermaids playing instruments. In his library at Carlton House, George read voraciously on topics ranging from geography and military history to the work of Jane Austen.

The Times wrote, ‘there never was an individual less regretted by his fellow creatures than this deceased King’, while the Duke of Wellington called him ‘the most munificent patron of the fine arts’ and ‘the most accomplished man of his age’. On the one hand, George was a recklessly profligate showman, who had little regard for the hardships suffered by the rest of the country, and on the other, he was a connoisseur with intellectual interests, whose passion for collecting left a great artistic legacy.

Through more than 300 works from the Royal Collection,
George IV: Art & Spectacle sheds new light on this monarch of extreme contrasts.

George IV: Art & Spectacle is at The Queen’s Gallery, Buckingham Palace, 15 November 2019 – 3 May 2020.

 

CARTIER Emerald Pendant Brooch | Maharaja of Mandi

Emerald Diamond Pendant Brooch Cartier| Maharaja of Mandi Royal India Ruler
Emerald Diamond Pendant Brooch Cartier| Maharaja of Mandi Royal India Ruler

Raja Sir Joginder Sen Bahadur, 18th Raja of Mandi 1913/1986.

Son of Mian Kishan Singh Sahib, born 20 August 1904, educated at Queen Mary’s College and Aitchison College, Lahore; Indian Ambassador to Brazil 1952/56; Member of Lok Sabha 1957/62; Honorary Lt.-Col. 3rd/17th Dogra Regiment and Bengal Sappers and Miners.

Married 1stly, about 1911, a daughter of Thakur Devi Singh of Delath.
Married 2ndly, 8 February 1923, HH Rani Amrit Kaur, born 1904, died 1948, daughter of Col. HH Farzand i-Dilband Rasikhul-Itiqad Daulat-i-Inglishia *Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Bahadur of Kapurthala, and his wife, Rani Kanari.

Married 3rdly, 13 May 1930, Kumari Kusum Kumari [HH Rani Kusum Kumari of Mandi], born 27 August 1913, died June 1998, daughter of Kunwar Prithiraj Sinhji of Rajpipla, and had issue, two sons and two daughters. He died 16 June 1986.

Cartier Emerald Pendant Brooch | Raja of Mandi Maharaja and Royal Ruler of India
Cartier Emerald Pendant Brooch | Raja of Mandi Maharaja and Royal Ruler of India

Above in the picture, the Raja, in 1930 when he married Rani Kusum Kumari of Mandi, wearing the important emerald jewel pendant.

Important emerald and diamond pendant/brooch combination, Cartier, 1927.

The surmount set with a carved emerald flower, framed with circular-cut diamonds, supporting a plaque set with an hexagonal polished emerald and calibré-cut emeralds, supporting three emerald drops with onyx rondelle crowns and circular-cut diamond terminals, unsigned, brooch fitting detachable, one small emerald deficient.

The pendant will be  offered at auction by Sotheys, Geneve November 2019. Accompanied by SSEF report no. 108686, stating that the emeralds are of Colombian origin, with a minor to a moderate amount of oil in fissures.

 

Cartier’s use of mughal stones in jewellery was an important aspect of their Indian style, these designs were dominant between 1913 and 1930.

Raja is a title for a monarch equivalent to king or princely ruler in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.

This pendant also calls to mind the brooch worn by Marjorie Merriweather Post, captured in a painting by Giulio de Blaas in 1929.

Danke an Volker für den Tipp.

 

Raja of Mandi Emerald-Diamond-Pearl-Bandeau Cartier | Mughal Jewelry| Royal India

Raja of Mandi Emerald-Diamond Pendant Cartier | Mughal Jewelry| Royal India

CARTIER Emerald Pendant Brooch | Royal Jewel India| Raja of Mandi

Cartier Sautoir with Emerald Diamond Pendant Brooch | Raja of Mandi Maharaja and Royal Ruler of India| Maharajah Mughal Jewelry| Royal India| Jewel history

Cartier Orginal Sautoir of Emerald Diamonds with Emerald Pendant Brooch | Raja of Mandi Maharaja and Royal Ruler of India| Maharajah Mughal Jewelry

Countess Maria Walewska Corsage Ornament| Sapphire Brooch | Napoleon Bonaparte | Royal Imperial Jewels History

Countess Maria Walewska Corsage Ornament| Sapphire Brooch | Napoleon Bonaparte | Royal Imperial Jewels History
Countess Maria Walewska Corsage Ornament| Sapphire Brooch | Napoleon Bonaparte | Royal Imperial Jewels History

this impressive stomacher pin was given by Napoleon I (1769-1821), Emperor of the French from 1804 until 1814 and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days, to Countess Maria Walewska (1786-1817).

Napoleons Love Token!

The motif surmounting the central sapphire is a Roman Helmet, alluding to Napoleon’s wish to associate himself with the great rulers of the Roman Empire.

Other emblems, including two crossed canons, a drum and lances demonstrate further Napoleon’s desire to represent military strength.
To the right of the central sapphire is a monogram depicting a ‘WN’ entwined, alluding to the Emperor and the Countess Waleska.
It is believed that the ruby-eyed eagle, surmounting the piece represents the Imperial Eagle.
However, it is not depicted in the usual proud stance, instead it is a recumbent eagle, considered to provide a form of protection to the rest of the jewel, and therefore to the person it is given to.

The story behind the jewel, more history:

Countess Maria Walewska Corsage Ornament| Sapphire Brooch | Napoleon Bonaparte | Royal Imperial Jewels History

Dame Nellie Melba | Belle Epoque Turquoise and Diamond Stomacher Brooch Cartier| Noble Jewel History

Dame Nellie Melba | BELLE EPOQUE TURQUOISE AND DIAMOND BROOCHES| Noble Jewel History
Dame Nellie Melba | BELLE EPOQUE TURQUOISE AND DIAMOND BROOCH| Noble Jewel History

From the collection of 1861-1931 Nellie Melba:

Belle époque TURQUOISE AND DIAMOND BROOCH
Cabochon turquoises, rose and old-cut diamonds, platinum and gold, 1910s, 16.0 cm, red Cartier case offered on auction at Geneve Nov 2019 by Christie’s  Est.  $250,000-350,000

Click for more history:

 Dame Nellie Melba | Belle Epoque Turquoise and Diamond Stomacher Brooch Cartier| Noble Jewel History

Dame Nellie Melba | Belle Epoque Turquoise and Diamond Brooches Cartier | Noble Jewel History

From the jewelry collection of DAME NELLIE MELBA

BELLE EPOQUE TURQUOISE AND DIAMOND BROOCHES
Cabochon turquoises, rose and old-cut diamonds, detachable brooch fttings, with interchangeable central collets and additional half-pearl fittings , 1910s, 11.0 cm and 5.2 cm, red Cartier case

Christie’s will be offered  in Geneve Nov 2019 this jewelry $150,000-200,000

click for more history:

Dame Nellie Melba | Belle Epoque Turquoise and Diamond Brooches Cartier | Noble Jewel History

Dame Nellie Melba | Belle Epoque Turquoise and DiamondBrooches Cartier| Noble Jewel History
Dame Nellie Melba | Belle Epoque Turquoise and Diamond Brooches Cartier| Noble Jewel History

Large Kokoshnik Cartier Diamond Tiara | Granard Jewels | Beatrice Ogden Mills|Forbes Family Jewel|Countess of Granard

Grosser Kokoshnik Cartier Diamant Tiara | Granard Juwelen Schmuck| Beatrice Ogden Mills| Forbes Familien Juwelen|Countess of Granard Large Kokoshnik Cartier Diamond Tiara | Granard Jewels | Beatrice Ogden Mills|Forbes Family Jewel|Countess of Granard
Grosser Kokoshnik Cartier Diamant Tiara | Granard Juwelen Schmuck| Beatrice Ogden Mills| Forbes Familien Juwelen|Countess of Granard Large Kokoshnik Cartier Diamond Tiara | Granard Jewels | Beatrice Ogden Mills|Forbes Family Jewel|Countess of Granard

 

 

Oben abgebildet, Beatrice Mills, Countess Granard mit ihrem großen Diamant Kokoshnik, aus dem Jahr 1937.

Einem wahrhaft prächtigen Diadem mit orientalischer Inspiration, der für sie, bei CARTIER angefertigt wurde.
Seine geschwungene Linie wird durch parallele Reihen betont. Brillanten, Diamanten und birnenförmige Steine von hohem Wert sind in das Design integriert; einige sind Altschliff, sowie alte grosse Diamanten, die müssen aus der Sammlung der Familie Granard stammen.
Sie war Stammkundin von Cartier London und eine der letzten großen Käuferinnen  eines Kokosniks.
Sie bestellte einen Kokoshnik im Jahr 1922, einen anderen 1923 und einen dritten Kokosnik 1937 – den letzten, oben im Bild, für die Krönung von König Georg.
Beatrice Countess von Granard 1883-1972, geboren als Beatrice Mills, Tochter des großen amerikanischen Financier und Bankiers Ogden Mills.  Eine berühmte Gastgeberin, Rennstallbesitzerin und Pferde-Züchterin, die als erste Frau den Grand Prix gewann, Sie  heiratete 1909 den 8. Earl of Granard. Sie lebte zwischen London, Paris und Castle Forbes in Irland.

Der Aufenthaltsort des Diadems ist unbekannt.
Drei der fünf Art Deco Diamantbroschen, die Teil des Diadems waren, sind bekannt>>>>

 

 

Granard Jewels | Beatrice Ogden Mills| Forbes Family Jewelry |Countess of Granard| Wedding Gifts

Cartier Diamond Tiara | Granard Jewels | Beatrice Ogden Mills| Forbes Family Jewel |Countess of Granard

Emerald Necklace Persian Style Fringe Collier | Noble Jewels Countess Granard

Large Kokoshnik | Cartier Diamond Tiara | Granard Jewels | Beatrice Ogden Mills|Forbes Family Jewel|Countess of Granard

Diamond Brooches from the large Kokoshnik |Cartier Diamond Tiara | Granard Jewels | Forbes Family Jewel History |Countess of Granard

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Maria Pavlovna Romanowa Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar Imperial Royal Diamond and Sapphire Tiara | Saxe-Weimar Imperial Jewelry

T

Maria Pavlovna RomanowaGrand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar Imperial Royal Diamond and Sapphire Tiara | Saxe-Weimar
Maria Pavlovna Romanowa Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar Imperial Royal Diamond and Sapphire Tiara | Saxe-Weimar Imperial Jewelry History

The diadem was designed by the court jeweler Duval in St Petersburg in 1825, see design drawing in the link – and also produced.
Originally, 16 acacia branches set with diamonds were to be arranged as ornaments, as provided in the design. In the original, however, it was much more.
Alternating with this, flower ornaments with diamonds and a sapphire and 2 diamond roses were placed in the diadem.

The „S“-shaped diamond volutes connect the different ornaments with each other.
The base ring consisted of 9 sapphires framed by diamonds and alternating four diamond intermediate parts.
The center of the tiara consists of two sapphires. A crescent-shaped cabochon sapphire and an oval sapphire together form a rosette.
The diadem was originally designed as a Kokoshnik, then as a Coronet crown.

More #history click:

Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna Romanova | Sapphire Diamond Necklace Tsar’s Daughter |Saxe-Weimar Royal Imperial Jewels

 

 

Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna Romanova | Sapphire Diamond Necklace Tsar’s Daughter |Saxe-Weimar Royal Imperial Jewels

Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna Romanova | Sapphire Diamond Necklace Tsar's Daughter |Saxe-Weimar Royal Imperial Jewels
Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna Romanova | Sapphire Diamond Necklace Tsar’s Daughter |Saxe-Weimar Royal Imperial Jewels

This sapphire jewellery was made for the decoration of the Maria Pavlovna Romanova, Grand Duchess of Russia Мария Павловна Романова, at the same time as the Trousseau of her sister Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna, later Queen of the Netherlands.

Grand Duchess Feodora of Saxe-Weimar wore the parure – as in the picture with the smaller version of the sapphire necklace. For the wedding of her daughter to Prince Schwarzburg-Rudolfstadt, the Grand Duchess is depicted with the large version of the parure.

More #history click:

Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna Romanova | Sapphire Diamond Necklace Tsar’s Daughter |Saxe-Weimar Royal Imperial Jewels

 

#necklace #royaljewellery #crownjewels #royaljewels #royalprovenance #provenance #grandduchysaxe-weimar #grandduchesssaxeweimar #sapphire #diamond #jewelry #jewellery #jewelrygram #jewelryhistory #greatjewelrycollectors

Diadem Diamond Fleur de Lys | Tiara with Pearls Royal Jewels|Wedding Tiara of Cecilie Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg | Saskia Fürstin of Hohenlohe Langenburg

The story behind the royal jewel, click for more history:

Diadem Diamond Fleur de Lys | Tiara with Pearls | Royal Jewels

Wedding Tiara of Cecilie Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg | Saskia Fürstin of Hohenlohe Langenburg

 

 

Diadem mit Diamanten Bourbonen-Lilie ehemald Brosche der Fürstin Alexandra| Prinzessin Beatrix, Prinzessin Cecile und Fürstin Saskia von Hohenlohe Langenburg | Königlicher Schmuck Geschichte der Juwelen
Diadem mit Diamanten Bourbonen-Lilie ehemald Brosche der Fürstin Alexandra| Prinzessin Beatrix, Prinzessin Cecile und Fürstin Saskia von Hohenlohe Langenburg | Königlicher Schmuck Geschichte der Juwelen

Fürstin Alexandra zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg | Fleur de Lys Diamond Pearl Brooch |Royal Jewels History

Fürstin Alexandra zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg | Fleur de Lys Diamond Pearl Brooch |Royal Jewels
Fürstin Alexandra zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg | Fleur de Lys Diamond Pearl Brooch |Royal Jewels

 

 

Spannende Geschichten zu historischem Schmuck, wie diese Brosche in Form einer Bourbonen Lilie>>

Diamond Fleur de Lys Brooch with Pearl Royal Jewels| Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Fürstin zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg

Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1878-1942) Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg.

The hereditary princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg is pictured above, with a diamond fleur de Lys brooch.

She wore the brooch first after her engagement, which was a secret in May of the year and later for public in September 1895.
Her grandmother Queen Victoria was not amused.

Schmuck und Juwelen der Deutsche Fürstenhäuser | Royal Jewels – Historical Jewerly and Treasure of Royals and Aristocracy | bijoux historiques| исторические драгоценности

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