Archiv der Kategorie: England | Great Britain

The diamond encrusted Imperial State Crown| Royal Jewel History

To mark her 65th coronation jubilee, this year, the Queen of  Great Britain  and Irland explain her coronation jewel….

The St Edward’s Crown was used by Archbishop of Canterbury at actual moment of the monarch’s coronation.

Queen Elizabeth swapped crown for lighter Imperial State Crown before leaving Westminster Abbey on the day of her coronation.

What’s about the large Spinel which she love?
The Crown is fitted with a purple velvet cap and ermine band. Small plates on the reverse of the ‚Black Prince’s Ruby‘ and the ‚Stuart Sapphire‘ are engraved to commemorate the history of the Crown

The Imperial State Crown 1937

Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Jewels Crown | Royal History Diamond State Crown
Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Jewels Crown | Royal History Diamond State Crown

 

The Black Prince’s Ruby

The Black Prince’s Ruby is a large, irregular cabochon red spinel weighing 170 carats (34 g) set in the cross pattée above the Cullinan II at the front of the Imperial State Crown of England.
The spinel is one of the oldest parts of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom, with a history dating back to the middle of the 14th century. It has been in the possession of England’s rulers since it was given in 1367 to its namesake, Edward of Woodstock (the „Black Prince“).
In its history the  stone,  of Eastern origins, was pierced for use as a pendant, and the upper hole later plugged with a small cabochon ruby in a gold slip mount.

Given to Edward, Prince of Wales (1330-76), son of Edward III, and known as the Black Prince, by Don Pedro, King of Castile, after the Battle of Najera near Vittoria in 1367.  According to legend it passed to Spain in about 1366, where Don Pedro took it from the Moorish king of Granada. In 1415 it was one of the stones worn by Henry V in his helmet, at the Battle of Agincourt. It is difficult to prove that this is indeed the same stone but a large Balas (= spinel) certainly appears in the descriptions of historic state crowns, and it has been reset each time the crown was refashioned. In 1820, the gemstone was valued at £10,000  equivalent to £10,000,000 as of 2016.

The whole Imperial State Crown is formed from an openwork gold frame, mounted with three very large stones, and set with :
2868 diamonds in silver mounts, largely table-, rose- and brilliant-cut.
The coloured stones in gold mountings, including
17 sapphires, 11 emeralds and 269 pearls.

The measurements 31.5 cm (whole object) || 21.3 cm (at base of object) || 32 7/20 oz (Weight whole object) || 1060.0 g (Weight whole object)

At the front of the crown band is the large cushion-shaped brilliant, Cullinan II, the second largest stone cut from the Cullianan Diamond (also known as the Second Star of Africa).
At the back of the band is the large oval sapphire known as the ‚Stuart Sapphire‘. The two large stones are linked by an openwork frieze, containing eight step-cut emeralds and eight sapphires, between two rows of pearls.

The remaining three crosses are each mounted with a step-cut emerald mounted as a lozenge. The crosses alternate with four fleurs-de-lis, each with a mixed-cut ruby in the centre. Both crosses and fleurs-de-lis are further mounted with diamonds. The crosses and fleurs-de-lis are linked by swags of diamonds, supported on sapphires.

The arches are cast as oak leaves, set with diamonds, each having paired pearl acorns in diamond cups projecting from the sides. At the intersection of the arches are suspended four large pear-shaped pearls in rose-diamond caps, known as ‚Queen Elizabeth’s Earrings‘. The arches are surmounted by a monde of fretted silver, pavé-set with brilliants, with a cross-pattée above, set in the centre with an octagonal rose-cut sapphire known as ‚St Edward’s Sapphire‘.

The Imperial State Crown, or Crown of State, is the crown the monarch exchanges for St Edward’s Crown at the end of the coronation ceremony.
Before the Civil War the ancient coronation crown was always kept at Westminster Abbey and the monarch needed another crown to wear when leaving the Abbey. The Imperial State Crown is also used on formal occasions, such as the annual State Opening of Parliament.

The term imperial state crown dates back to the fifteenth century when English monarchs chose a crown design closed by arches, to demonstrate that England was not subject to any other earthly power.

This crown was made for the coronation of King George VI in 1937 but is closely based on a crown designed for Queen Victoria in 1838 by the crown jewellers of the time, Rundell, Bridge & Rundell. The crown is mounted with several historic stones to which a number of legends are attached. Which  include:

St. Edward’s Sapphire

St Edward’s Sapphire which carries the legend that Edward the Confessor (1042-66), or St Edward, one of the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England, was asked for alms by a beggar. Carrying no money on him, the King presented the beggar with a ring. The beggar later turned out to be St John the Evangelist, who assisted two English pilgrims in Syria in gratitude for the King’s help, and asked them to return the ring to St Edward. The King was buried with the ring in Westminster Abbey in 1066. In the 12th century his tomb was opened and the ring removed.

Queen Elizabeth I’s Earrings

Queen Elizabeth’s Earrings, the four large pearls, have become associated with the seven pearls that Catherine de Medici received from Pope Clement VII on her marriage to Henri II of France in 1533.
She later gave them to her daughter-in-law, Mary, Queen of Scots, and after her imprisonment they were allegedly sold to Elizabeth I. Elizabeth is unlikely to have worn them as earrings, as she preferred to wear pearls scattered over her ruff, on her hair or on her costume, and despite this romantic tale it appears that at least two of the pearls did not enter the Collection until the nineteenth century.

The Stuart Sapphire

The Stuart Sapphire, which has also been drilled in its history for use as a pendant, is approximately 104 carats. It is traditionally thought to have been smuggled by James II, when he fled England in December 1688. He passed it to his son Prince James Francis Edward, ‚the Old Pretender‘, and it eventually came into the collection of Henry, Cardinal York. When an Italian dealer, Angioli Bonelli was sent on behalf of George IV to retrieve any remaining Stuart papers, after the Cardinal’s death, he encountered a Venetian merchant who produced a large sapphire, saying that it belonged to the Stuart Crown. Bonelli purchased the sapphire and returned it to Britain. George IV certainly believed it was the Stuart Sapphire and by the time of Queen Victoria’s coronation it was set into the front of the band of her State Crown. It was moved to the rear of the band in 1909 to make way for the newly acquired Cullinan II.

Cullinan II  Second Star of Africa

Cullinan II, or the ‚Second Star of Africa‘, weighs 317.4 carats. It is the second largest stone cut from the great Cullinan Diamond, the largest diamond ever discovered. It was found in 1905 by Frederick G.S. Wells, at the Premier Mine, about twenty miles from Pretoria in South Africa. The stone, which weighed 3025 carats, was named after Thomas Cullinan, the Chairman of the Premier (Transvaal) Diamond Mining Company. The diamond was presented to Edward VII in 1907 as a symbolic gesture to heal the rift between Britain and South Africa after the Boer War.
It was formally handed over to the King on his birthday, 9 November 1907, at Sandringham. The stone was cut by Asschers of Amsterdam.
Nine large stones were cut from the original diamond. The cutting and polishing took three men eight months to complete. A further 97 small brilliants and some unpolished fragments were also created.
The largest cleaving of the stone, Cullinan I, the Star of Africa, was placed in the Sovereign’s Sceptre – see above-, and Cullinan II – see also above- placed in the front of the band of the Imperial State Crown.
The remaining numbered stones were mounted as jewellery (and do not form part of the official Crown Jewels).

Commissioned for the Coronation of King George VI on 12 May 1937, from the Crown Jewellers, Garrard & Co.

from BBC:
On June 2nd 1953, on one of the coldest June days of the century, after 16 months of planning, Her Majesty the Queen set out to be crowned at Westminster Abbey, watched by millions of people throughout the world. A ceremony dating back more than 1000 years was to mark the dawn of a new Elizabethan age. Now, in what has become the longest reign of any British monarch – 65Years! , the Queen shares her memories of that day as well as the coronation of her father, King George VI, in 1937.

Exploring the role and symbolic meaning of the Crown Jewels in the centuries-old coronation ceremony, The Coronation shows these objects of astonishing beauty in new high-resolution footage. A combination of HD cameras and special 4K lenses reveal the incredible secrets and forensic details of a set of regalia that have a rich history of their own. Amongst the many glorious objects revealed, the film tells the extraordinary story of St Edward’s Crown, which was destroyed after the English Civil War and remade for the coronation of Charles II in 1661. It has only been worn by Her Majesty once, at the moment she was crowned.

Shedding an entirely new perspective on this world-famous event, The Coronation brings together, the eyewitness accounts of those who participated, including the maid of honour who nearly fainted in the Abbey and the 12-year-old choirboy who was left to sing solo when his overwhelmed colleagues lost their voices.

Viewing rarely seen private and official film footage of the day, Her Majesty the Queen recalls the day when the weight of both St Edward’s Crown and the hopes and expectations of a nation recovering from war were on her shoulders, as the nation looked to their 27-year-old Queen to lead them to a new era.

Using the Queen’s recollections and new footage of the Crown Jewels, The Coronation reveals the story of this glittering ceremony.

Royales Diamant Diadem | Duchess of Fife | Massin

Mit dem „Accient in Lieu“ -System können  Briten  – Steuerpflichtige wichtige Kunstwerke und andere Kulturgüter in öffentliches Eigentum überführen, während sie die Erbschaftssteuer oder eine ihrer früheren Formen zahlen. Der Steuerpflichtige erhält den vollen offenen Marktwert des Gegenstands, der dann einem öffentlichen Museum, Archiv oder einer Bibliothek zugewiesen wird. Dies wurde nun von dem Arts Council England für die Fife Tiara akzeptiert!

Die Geschichte dieses Diadem von Massin ist hier zu finden: https://www.royal-magazin.de/england/fife-massin-tiara.htm

Prinzessin Louise von Wales Hochzeitsgeschenke

Princess Royal Louise Duchess of Fife | Massin Diamond Tiara

Prinzessin Royal Louise Herzogin von Fife | Royal Wedding gifts

Prinzessin Royal Louise Herzogin von Fife | Marriage presents|Schmuck Hochzeitsgeschenke

Princess Royal Louise Duchess of Fife | Jewels, Diamond Comb

Princess Royal Louise Duchess of Fife | Forget-me-nots jewels

Princess Royal Louise of England | Arrow Diamond Brooch |Gifts and Presents

 

The diamond tiara given by the Duke of Fife to his bride, Princess Louise

The Acceptance in Lieu scheme enables taxpayers to transfer important works of art and other heritage objects into public ownership while paying Inheritance Tax or one of its earlier forms. The taxpayer is given the full open market value of the item which is then allocated to a public museum, archive or library.

The tiara is then located in the Historic Royal Palaces (Kensington Palace)  and the value was £1,400,000
source: Cultural Gifts Scheme & Acceptance in Lieu Annual Report 2016/17
Later in the posse

Massin diamond tiara | Royal Wedding Jewels Diamond  Duchess of Fife |  Princess Alexandra of Connaught |  Diamant Diadem History
Massin diamond tiara | Royal Wedding Jewels Diamond Duchess of Fife | Princess Alexandra of Connaught | Diamant Diadem History

ssion of her daughter:

The Panel considered the tiara to be pre-eminent under
the second and third criteria, in acceptable condition
and fairly valued. The tiara has been permanently
allocated to Historic Royal Palaces for retention and
display at Kensington Palace in accordance with the
condition attached to the offer.

Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh celebrating their platinum wedding anniversary

To honor the platinum wedding anniversary  – of today – of the royal bridal couple – I had add an oustandig marriage present – which the Queen was presented from King Farouk of Egypt – gold necklace with coins

A gold and earliest egyptian coins necklace with felsnar - was the interesting wedding gift given to Princess Elizabeth by King Farouk of Egypt - the egyptian necklace dating back to the third century and incorpation one of the earliest egyptian coins.
A gold and earliest egyptian coins necklace with felsnar – was the interesting wedding gift given to Princess Elizabeth by King Farouk of Egypt – the egyptian necklace dating back to the third century and incorporation one of the earliest egyptian coins |Queen Elizabeth’s platinum wedding anniversary

 

more royal wedding gifts

Weihnachtsgeschenk Queen Victoria | 1840 Royal Christmas Gift

Das Gemälde „Fürstin mit ihrem Sohn“ aus dem Besitz der britischen Königin befand sich bis zuletzt in einem schlechten Zustand. Unter anderem war die Holztafel zerbrochen . Es gelangte 1840 nach London. Der aus Gotha stammende Prinz Albert kaufte es im Auftrag seiner Frau – Queen Victoria. Sie  schenkte es ihm  dann zu Weihnachten.

Portrait of a Lady and her Son Cranach Cranach Saxony Electress and Son
Portrait of a Lady and her Son Cranach Cranach Saxony Electress and Son

Nun stellte sich heraus, dass das Portrait das verschollen geglaubte Orginal ist,  Prof Heydenreich der TH Köln hat dies mit den neusten Mitteln feststellen können. Nach der Restaurierung war das Doppelportrait zuletzt im Düsseldorfer Kunstpalast zu sehen, die dortige Ausstellung vereinte rund 200 Cranach-Werke aus internationalen Sammlungen. Ab November ist  der Cranach nun in Windsor Castle zu sehen….in neuem Glanz, wie zu erkennen!

Queen Victoria’s| 1840 Christmas Gift

The Royal Collection presented:

Newly attributed portrait by Lucas Cranach the Elder goes on display at Windsor Castle

The painting Portrait of a Lady and her son , c. 1510 – 40, recently discovered to be by the German master Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472 – 155 3) and his workshop goes on public display at Windsor Castle from  Tuesday , 14 November

The painting was a Christmas gift from Queen Victoria to Prince Albert in 1840 and is part of the Royal Collection . The double portrait shows an unidentifie d consort of a Prince – electress of the Holy Roman Empire and her son, their hands clasped together. Although acquired by Queen Victoria as a work by the Renaissance artist, by the early 20th century the painting was considered to be the work of Franz Wolfgang Rohrich (1787 – 1834)
The composition has an intimacy which was thought to have been Rohrich’s invention and uncharacteristic of Cranach’s style. Rohrich was a prolific imitator of Cranach and p roduced over 40 versions of th is portrait . He sold them as original works by Cranach, and they can be found in collections all over Europe .
In collaboration with TH Köln ( the University of Applied Sciences, Cologne ) , Royal Collection Trust’s conservators and curator s examined the work ahead of its loan to the major exhibition Cranach der Alterer: Meister Marke Moderne at the Museum Kunstpalast , Düsseldorf in spring 2017.
Infrared reflect ography was used to look beneath the paint surface , revealing preliminary under drawing typical of Cranach’s work . Analysis o f the pigments, metal leaf and the application of paint provided further evidence that the portrait was a work of the 16th century.
Finally an x – ray of the painting revealed that a fibrous material had been used in the preparation of the panel. Analys is of similar fibres on other works by Cranach has identified them as tendons, and in one instance DNA analysis ha d shown them to be pigeon tendons. Sixteen th – century glue recipes often include d pigeon tendons to strengthen the mixture and counteract the n atural warping and splitting of the wood.
The evidence was reviewed by Professor Dr Gunnar Heydenreich of TH Köln , an expert on Lucas Cranach the Elder, who confirmed that the painting was an original work by the master from which it appears all later ve rsions derive. Court artist to the Saxon electors in Wittenberg, Lucas Cranach the Elder was one of the most important painter s of the German Reformation , a period marked by chang es in religion, philosophy, s cience and art .
Prince Albert was particularly interested in his work , and twelve paintings by Cranach and his workshop in the Royal Collection were acquired by the Prince Consort, several as gifts from Queen Victoria.

Duchess of Manchester Ruby Diamond Bracelet | Queen Alexandra Royal Rubies

Duchess of Manchester Ruby Diamond bracelet left to Queen Alexandra
Duchess of Manchester Ruby Diamond bracelet left to Queen Alexandra  – which royal is now the owner

The story behind the royal rubies and ruby jewels of Queen Alexandra of Great Britain:

Duchess of Manchester Ruby Diamond bracelet | Queen Alexandra Royal Rubies>>

Which royal grand-grand-granddaughter or grand-grand-grandson is now the lucky owner?

 

Die Historie hinter den Rubinen und dem Rubin-Schmuck der Königin Alexandra von England:

 

Die Herzogin von Manchester hinterliess ein Rubin-Diamant-Armband  zu Gunsten der Königin Alexandra von Great Britain>>

 

Welche königliche Ur-Urenkelin oder Ur-Urenkel ist jetzt der glückliche Besitzer?

What’s about the diamond anchoor brooches of Empress Eugenie of France?

What’s about the diamond anchors of the Empress of France? Hatte die französiche Kaiserin Eugenie blaue Diamanten?

Hatte die französiche Kaiserin Eugenie blaue Diamanten?

Die Geschichte der spektakulären Diamant Broschen  in Form von Stockankern oder Admiralitätsankern, waren Teil ihrer privaten Juwelen.
Als Symbol steht der Anker für die Treue, in der christlichen Symbolik für die Hoffnung.
Der untere Teil eines Ankers – die

Stockanker
Stockanker Ancre à jas :
A : manille
B : organeau
C : jas D : verge
E : bec
F : patte G : diamant
H : pelle

Verbindung zwischen den zwei Schaufeln nennt man in Frankreich „DIAMANT“ :

The fascinating history of Empress Eugenie’s jewellery…

Diamants bleu Anchor Brooches |Empress Eugénie – Imperial Royal Jewel History France | Paar Diamant Anker Broschen Kaiserin Eugenie von Frankreich>>

Fleur de Lys Diamond Tiara | Ansorena | Queen Victoria Eugenie Ena of Spain

The wedding gift to the Queen of  Spain :

Fleur de Lys Diamond Tiara Ansoren | Queen Ena of Spain Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
Fleur de Lys Diamond Tiara Ansorena | Queen Ena of Spain Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg

Diamond Tiara Fleur de Lys |Ansorena | Wedding Gift Jewels| Royal Marriage Presents | Queen Victoria Eugenie of Spain

Queen Ena in her wedding gown and later – in the  painting, with all her royal attributes, not least her  fleur de lys tiara which was given to her by the King in 1906 as a wedding present, made by the Madrid jeweller Ansorena.

On the left on top, Queen Sofia, wearing the Fleur de Lys Tiara .

Some days again, first time – Letizia Queen of Spain as the wife of King Felipe VI , with the regal diamond tiara.

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Princess Sophia of Prussia | Crown Princess of the Hellenes | Queen of Greece

Princess Sophia of Prussia | Crown Princess of the Hellenes
Princess Sophia of Prussia | Crown Princess of the Hellenes

Wedding Princess Sophia of Prussia | Queen Consort of the Hellenes| Greece Royal Jewels | Marriage gifts and presents

The Crown Princess of the Hellenes got priceless jewels from her imperial family – interesting details about an Turquoise Parure with tiara, necklace, chocker, bracelets, stomacher, brooches…..

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Sapphire Jubilee to Queen Elizabeth II | 1952-2017

Today marks The Queen’s #SapphireJubilee – In London, royal gun salutes commemorated the occasion across the capital. A 41-gun salute was fired by the King’s Troop Royal Horse Artillery in Green Park at midday and a 62-gun salute by the Honourable Artillery Company was fired at the Tower of London at 13:00 GMT.

Sapphire Jubilee to Queen Elizabeth II, who became Queen on this day in 1952.  In honour of her Sapphire Jubilee, we will have a look at all of the Queen’s sapphires.
Over the years, she has added to the gifts from her father with a tiara and a bracelet to complement the original jewellery:

The Royal Sapphires

Royal Sapphire Tiara

Queen Elizabeth II Sapphire and diamond jewels with tiara, bracelet, necklace and earrings

More about the sapphire jewel history

The Sapphire Queen Elizabeth II

Above, Queen Elizabeth II photographed by David Bailey to mark the Sapphire Jubilee of her 65th anniversary of her accession to the throne

The Sapphire and Diamond 18th Birthday Bracelet | Princess birthday gifts

Paisley Art deco leaf brooch with Sapphire, diamond, emerald, amethyst and ruby | Princess Birthday Gift

 

Queen Jewels more about the jewellery

Brazilian Aquamarine Parure | Queens Jewels   First Tiara + Aquamarine Brooch    Small Tiara + Bracelet

County of Cornwall Ruby Bracelet | Queen Jewels

Dagmar Necklace Queens Jewels |Schmuck der Königin von England

Die Juwelen und der private Schmuck der englischen Queen | Elizabeth II`s Private Trove

Verlobungsring und der private Schmuck der englischen Queen | Engagement Ring of Elizabeth II`s – Queens Jewels Her Private Trove

Die Cullinan Diamanten der englischen Queen | Queens Treasure – Elizabeth II`s Cullinan Diamonds

Die kleineren Cullinan Broschen und der private Schmuck der englischen Queen | Queen Casket – Elizabeth II`s Cullinan Brooches

Das königliche Geburtstagsgeschenk | 21 Diamanten aus Südafrika zum Geburtstag

Diamond Gifts for the Royal Family | 21 Diamonds – The Birthday Present of the People of South Africa

Die Juwelen und der private Schmuck der englischen Queen Teil 6 | Queens Jewellery – Elizabeth II`s Private Trove

Die Juwelen und der private Schmuck der englischen Queen | Queens Jewelry – Elizabeth II`s Private Trove

Queen of England Personal Jewels | Royal Gifts for Princess Elizabeth| Her Birthday Presents

Graving Dock Diamond Brooch | Gift from the South African Railways and Harbour Administration

Diamond Spray Brooch from the Royal staffs in England | Princess 21st Birthday Gift

Carved Ruby,Gold and Diamond Brooch | Andrew Grima |Gift from the Duke of Edinburgh | Queen Elizabeth II. Diamonds Queens Jewels

Royal Jewels | England | Great Britain

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Queen Ena of Spain | Royal Wedding gifts and presents | Chaumet Wings

Chaumet Diamond Wings | Mercury head jewel | Bridal gift from Empress Eugenie to Queen Eugenia of Spain
Chaumet Diamond Wings | Mercury head jewel | Bridal gift from Empress Eugenie to Queen Eugenia of Spain

More about the royal jewels:

Queen Ena of Spain | Royal Wedding gifts and presents | Chaumet Wings

 

Other jewels  Motor Car Brooch for the Bride

Diamond pendant of Lacloche Madrid was presented to the new Queen of Spain by the English residents of Madrid, Barcelona, Cadiz, Malaga, Counoa and the Canary Islands

Ruby Diamond Platinum bracelet was a splendid wedding gift to Queen Ena, Victoria Eugenie of Spain from Carlos, Prince of Bourbon-Two Sicilies from her brother-in-law and cousin. Don

Faberge Large Aquamarine lozenge pendant | Royal Wedding gifts and present | Victoria Eugenie of Spain
Faberge Large Aquamarine lozenge pendant | Royal Wedding gifts and present | Victoria Eugenie of Spain

Carlos, was the widower of the Princess of Asturias

 

Faberge Large Aquamarine lozenge pendant | Royal Wedding gifts and present | Victoria

Eugenie of Spain more about:

Faberge Large Aquamarine lozenge pendant | Royal Wedding gifts and present | Victoria Eugenie of Spain

 

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